4. Understanding Labor and Giving Birth

Use this outline to guide your study and reading. You should know the concepts outlined.  Tip: Write down or type up your understanding of everything outlined for your own records.

Objectives:

  • Understand the history and evidence for due dates
  • List the physical and emotional changes as labor begins
  • State the four main hormones in labor

Study:

Book – Pregnancy, Childbirth, and the Newborn 2016 version

  • Chapter 9, “When and How Labor Begins”, page 156
  • Chapter 10, “What Childbirth Is Really Like”, pages 168-194

A. Due Dates

Resources

B. Late Pregnancy

  1. Physical changes
  2. Emotional changes
  3. Engagement
  4. Parity
  5. Presentation
  6. Position
  7. Station
  8. Descent
  9. Cervical changes
  10. Hormonal interactions
  11. Labor signs
  12. Ripen
  13. Effacement

C. Stages of Labor

Resources

Read: https://thechildbirthprofession.com/misunderstanding-childbirth/

  1. Early labor
  2. Dilation
  3. Contractions
  4. Oxytocin
  5. Catecholamines
  6. Beta-endorphins
  7. Prolactin
  8. When to contact care provider
  9. Active labor
  10. Transition
  11. Pushing
  12. Phases of pushing
  13. Crowning
  14. Birth
  15. Delivery of Placenta

Complete Module Assignment


Next 5. Postpartum

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